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    The Consortium


Public partner description

5 cea liten 

CEA Liten (France) – Coordinator of the project

CEA is the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives). It is a public body established in October 1945. A leader in research, development and innovation, the CEA is active in four main areas: low-carbon energies, defense and security, information technologies and health technologies. In each of these fields, the CEA maintains a cross-disciplinary culture of engineers and researchers, building on the synergies between fundamental and technological research.

CEA is involved in the INTEGRAL project through its LITEN institute. LITEN has a staff of 1000 people. Every year LITEN generates 400 research contracts and carries out R&D on behalf of industrial partners from a wide range of market segments: energy, land transportation, aerospace, construction, civil engineering, environmental, and IT industries, amongst others. Intellectual property forms a major part of LITEN activities. LITEN has a portfolio of 1,100 international patents, filing 200 patents in 2012, 235 in 2013, and 230 in 2014.

Within LITEN, the Laboratory of Modelling and Materials for Metallurgy (L3M) is dedicated in particular to studies in the field of thermoelectric materials, components and systems. More than 20 people are working on all the value chain: from ab-initio calculation at atomic scale to the industrial transfer of complete thermoelectric systems, including material synthesis, devices assembly and testing. The laboratory has a strong expertise on silicon-based materials (silicides), including nanostructured materials. The laboratory has launched a spin-off company, HotBlock OnBoard, which is also a partner of the INTEGRAL project.

CEA will be involved through the POUDR'INNOV 2.0 Powder Metallurgy Platform, which develops high value-added components from metallic, ceramic, semiconductor or magnetic powders. This prototyping pilot line is located in Grenoble, France, and is connected with modelling and characterising tools. The platform is open to industry willing to prototype thermoelectricity generator with Spark plasma sintering. It proposes the full chain for thermoelectricity generator prototyping from design to small production at material, component and system levels.

6 valeo

VALEO (France)

VALEO ST is a company part of the industrial VALEO Group focused on production and sales of components for passenger cars & commercial light & heavy trucks like heat exchangers for cooling system, air conditioning with electrical and electronic devices for fluid circulation and control

VALEO ST is a global leader for production & sales of Exhaust Gas Recirculation Cooler (EGRC) for diesel engine. VALEO ST has a deep knowledge of the technical environment in which such heat exchanger work. A Thermo Electric Generator (TEG) is similar to an EGRC integrating Thermo Elements. VALEO ST is quite capable to manage the development of such a TEG thanks to its great experience in EGRC business


Ricardo (United Kingdom)

Ricardo is a leading provider of innovative technology, engineering services and strategic consulting to the world’s automotive industries as well as to customers in the rail, marine and stationary power markets. The company employs over 2,700 people in offices in the UK, the Czech Republic, Germany, Japan and the USA.

Environmental legislation and Voluntary Agreements are a major driving force behind many innovative technologies in which Ricardo have a strong track-record of involvement, specifically clean and efficient vehicle / powertrain technology. This technology includes low-emission Diesel engines, new concepts for efficient Petrol engines and Automated Transmissions, Hybrid vehicle technology and non-powertrain related efficiency improvements. Exposure to engineering programmes delivering mass-produced vehicles to market has allowed Ricardo to develop a good appreciation of the issues involved in successfully introducing a new technology into the marketplace.

hotblock onboard

Hotblock On Board (France)

Hotblock Onboard is a French SME founded in January 2012, to develop and commercialize thermoelectric Energy and Sensing Systems with priority directed to the transportation sector including automotive and marine industries.
Their portfolio includes:

  • High Power Thermoelectric Generators.
  • Thermoelectric generators for autonomous applications
  • High-performance low-cost Heat Flow Sensors
  • Peltier solid state cooling devices

The Company is a spin-off from the LITEN laboratory of the French CEA and has a permanent staff of 6 people. Hotblock Onboard has secured guaranteed access to the POUDR’INNOV 2.0 pilot production line for thermoelectric materials manufacturing which cover all of the Company's prototyping and early production capacity requirements. In addition, Hotblock Onboard is putting in place the supply chain for volume manufacturing of environmentally-friendly thermoelectric materials, covering raw material procurement, fabrication of thermoelectric elements and their assembly into exploitable modules.


Elkem (Norway)

Elkem is a producer of silicon-, ferrosilicon- and carbon based products with long traditions in alloy production and research in the same field. From being the world biggest ferroalloy producer, Elkem has during the last 20 years specialized in Si, Si based products and carbon products. Totally 21 plants are included and spread over 4 continents; Canada 1, US 1, Brazil 3, South Africa 1, China 3, France 1, Spain 1, UK 1, Italy 1, Germany 1, Island 1 and Norway 6.

Elkem’s mission is to contribute to a sustainable future by providing advanced silicon and carbon solutions, creating value for our stakeholders globally. Safe and eco-efficient production is the only way forward and that they can develop solutions to many of the world’s challenges.

Silicon and carbon are essential elements for the production of current and future materials. Elkem is at the forefront when it comes to understanding the complexities of the silicon process. Their research contributes to safer and more efficient production. This reduces energy consumption, emissions (e.g. CO2 and NOx), increases yield and allows for the efficient usage of more and more by-products. Elkem is working to implement energy management and energy recovery at all plants. Their aim is to remove all waste in the production process by turning all by-products and side streams into useful and valuable products.

Elkem has four business divisions and a technology division providing fundamental research, innovation and project services. The total number of employees worldwide is 3600 of which 350 are involved in R&D activities.

Elkem’s latest development is Elkem Solar, a producer of Solar Grade Siilicon using a unique process with 25 % energy consumption compared to traditional production process. The product (Elkem Solar Silicon®) holds a green certificate in Japan.

8 isabellenhute

Isabellenhütte (Germany)

Isabellenhütte is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of electrical resistance and thermoelectric materials for temperature measurement and passive components in the automotive, electrical and electronics industries. Precision measurement systems from Isabellenhütte set the industry benchmark for current, voltage and temperature sensing in cars and trucks, hybrid and electric vehicles, as well as industrial and renewable energy generating systems.

Isabellenhütte Heusler GmbH & Co KG has been working since 2009 on the synthesis of thermoelectric Half Heusler compounds with a melt-metallurgical manufacturing process. Since 2015 Isabellenhütte is working on the development of thermoelectric modules based on Half Heusler material.

7 rgs


RGS Development (The Netherlands)

RGS Development B.V. is a Dutch SME providing materials and components for energy conversion and electricity storage. RGS is using an unique, patented technology to manufacture these nano alloy materials with a very high throughput.

RGS provides ThermagyTM heat panels for market of industrial waste heat recovery, in industries such as the steel and glass industry. In this market ThermagyTM  heat panels are used for generation of electricity or co-generation of electricity and hotwater  or steam.  Next to waste heat recovery, RGS provides Thermagy™  solutions for the cogeneration market in for example boilers and electric (precision) cooling.

RGS Development BV was founded in 2000 and consists of a team of experienced professionals, well qualified to support customers in their energy conversion activities. The company is located in a 1400 m2 facility in Broek op Langedijk, 30 minutes’ distance from Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Besides thermoelectric materials RGS Development uses its technology to produce other unique nano alloy materials, such as nano porous silicon for the li-ion battery market.

1 fraunhofer

Fraunhofer IKTS (Germany)

The Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems IKTS covers the field of advanced ceramics from basic preliminary research through to the entire range of applications. Superbly equipped laboratories and technical facilities covering 30,000 m2 of useable space have been set up for this purpose at the sites in Dresden and Hermsdorf.

Based on comprehensive materials expertise in advanced ceramic materials, the institute’s development work covers the entire value creation chain, all the way to prototype production. Fraunhofer IKTS forms a triad of materials, technology and systems expertise, which is enhanced by the highest level of extensive materials diagnostics. Chemists, physicists, materials scientists and engineers work together on an interdisciplinary basis at IKTS. All tasks are supported by highly skilled technicians.

The focus is placed on manufacturers and especially existing and potential users of ceramics as project partners and customers. Fraunhofer IKTS operates in eight market-oriented divisions in order to demonstrate and qualify ceramic technologies and components for new industries, new product ideas, new markets outside the traditional areas of use. These include Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Electronics and Microsystems, Energy, Environmental and Process Engineering, Bio- and Medical Technology, Optics, as well as both the conventional Materials and Processes and Materials and Process Analysis as overall interdisciplinary offers. The institute is therefore available as a competent consulting partner and starting point for all ceramics-related issues: a real “one stop shop” for ceramics.

Fraunhofer IKTS can convert developments from the lab into the technical standard. There is industrially suited equipment and machinery of the latest designs available for all relevant lines of technology, in order for partners and customers to realize the prototypes and pilot-production series needed for market launch, to develop production processes, and to implement quality processes. Thus, residual cost risks and time to market can be minimized.

2 ik4 cidetec


IK4-CIDETEC Technology Centre is a member of IK4 Research Alliance, an expert in the generation and transfer of knowledge and technology in the fields of materials, surfaces and energy:

  • Surface Engineering: Cleaning and preparation, Protection, Functionalization, Smart tribology and Personalized aesthetics.
  • Advanced Polymers and Composites: Composites 4.0, Smart windows, Multifunctional polymers (ultralubrification, conductivity, scratchproof, SLIP technologies and self-repairing).
  • Energy Storage: Advanced materials for lithium ion batteries, Lithium-ion post technologies, Modules and battery packs, Modelling and design of storage systems.
  • Health: Health monitoring/clinical diagnostics, Quality control and food safety, Nano and micro formulation for drug delivery and release of active ingredients (and in vivo diagnosis), Hydrogels for regenerative medicine, and Multifunctional bioactive coatings for medical devices.

The Centre's fundamental mission is to increase companies’ capacity for innovation and competitiveness through the development of new products and processes working as strategic partners of their customers, helping them define their innovation strategies and generating knowledge and technological solutions that offer them added value.
To achieve these objectives, IK4-CIDETEC is committed to excellence in their work, the development of a cohesive team of motivated and highly skilled personnel, and active collaboration with other technology partners at both national and international levels.
The centre currently counts on a staff of 135 employees, of whom 95% are university graduates and 50% doctors. The Foundation's turnover for 2015 was 10 M€.
IK4-CIDETEC has two locations: the main headquarters, that hold the general services and research laboratories and the other, where the flexible pilot plants are located for the scaling of the processes and manufacturing of prototypes and pre-series. Among others, IK4-CIDETEC has one of the most advanced laboratories in Europe for the characterization of materials for energy; a dry room for the assembly of batteries, equipment to synthesize, characterize and process polymers and advanced composites; fully equipped laboratories for the study, characterization and treatment of surfaces, and 150 m2 of classified rooms ready for manufacturing products for the biopharmaceutical sector, according to GMP standards. In all, facilities covering 10,000 m2, fitted with all the equipment and latest technologies that can address the entire value chain from scientific-technological research, to the generation of new knowledge, all the way up to the industrial scale.


MBN Nanomateralia (Italy)

Founded in 1994, MBN Nanomaterialia is a producer of nanostructured powder materials trough a proprietary mechano-chemical synthesis process technology (Mechanomade®). With an installed industrial production capacity of 150 ton/range on 6 production plants, MBN is offering to the market innovative materials that can be treated using the conventional powder metallurgy and deposition processes. Typical output of the process is constituted by agglomerated powders in the micron-size range (i.e. 5-100μm) constituted by aggregates of nanocrystals and nanoparticles (i.e. <100nm). The powder materials produced find application in a number of manufacturing chains as, conventional and fast sintering, laser sintering and coating deposition.

Beside the industrial production of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys for diamond grinding tools and thermal spraying powders (Ti based and WC-Co based), since last 5 years MBN has been working on nanostructured materials and nanocomposites for the energy sector and for the substitution of critical raw materials.    
MBN will use in the project its proprietary High Energy Ball Milling equipments at lab scale and industrial pilot scale for pilot production of TE material. MBN has all the equipment needed for secure handling nano-structured powder, facilities for re-agglomeration, facilities for powder classification and sieving in controlled atmosphere, facilities for thermal treatment, sintering or pressing to obtain specimens

4 efficient

Efficient Innovation (France)

Created in 1997, Efficient Innovation is a French consulting company specialised in the field of innovation management with a vision of the whole innovation value chain, from opportunities generation with strategic creativity, to concept transformation into innovation projects, market studies and opportunities building, funding of the innovation projects through direct and indirect funds for companies. EFFICIENT is specialist in European framework programmes since FP5, FP6, FP7 and has built up many European projects. EFFICIENT offers services of European project management to its customers with is know-how and knowledge of FP European mechanisms, consortium agreement management, grant agreement management, dissemination activities. Efficient is also a specialist in industrial product design-to-cost, design-to-weight and life cycle analysis. With a team of 40 consultants, EFFICIENT covers the full innovation management process.

3 titanx

TitanX (Sweden)

A fairly new company on paper, TITANX was formed in 2008 when VALEO decided to focus its engine cooling activity on passenger car products, divesting the three sites focusing on heavy-duty engine cooling.

TITANX develops and manufactures engine and powertrain heat-exchangers for heavy-duty vehicles (and stationary engines <1MW). Customers are global heavy vehicle OEMs like Volvo, Scania, Daimler, Iveco, Navistar, that we serve from our 6 factories. Areas of expertise include simulation and design of heat-exchangers to optimize performance and durability; metal forming, assembly, brazing of heat-exchangers and final control assembly of cooling system. Operating from mostly high labor cost countries, automation is a key competence. We achieve automotive industry standards of quality and delivery performance to our truck customer.

Waste-Heat Recovery systems in general, and among them TEGs, are relying heavily on heat exchanger integration, which is TITANX’ core business, hence WHR is a key Advanced Engineering topic. In addition to the

TEG itself, additional exchangers or modified cooling systems may be required for rejecting the residual heat in the most efficient manner possible (see TITANX paper SAE 2015-01-2792).

Implementing TEG business for TITANX would include developing TEGs from preassembled TEMs or TEM arrays, integrating them into an in-house TEG heat exchanger technology, producing a TEG ready for the OEM (truck manufacturer) to fit into their vehicles together with its additional cooling system. A previous project (Swedish FFI 36014-1) demonstrated the technical feasibility of adding TEGs to a long-haul tractor truck, but the economical equation is not solvable at the current performance vs price point of commercially available TEMs.

This project will bring additional knowledge and experience to size (in particular inside the TEMs at the leg level), simulate (in particular non-steady state conditions, both for performance and endurance purpose), design and test TEG’s for relevant operating conditions to TITANX, and will support ramping up volumes and process at the TEM manufacturers so the TEG as a whole can become economically viable (payback period based on fuel saving within 3 to 4 years) to the OEMs and their customers, the truck operators.

arcelor mittal

ArcelorMittal Innovación, Investigación e Inversión (Spain)

ArcelorMittal Innovación, Investigación e Inversión (AMI3) is a company that belongs to ArcelorMittal Group, the world’s leading steel company, producing 10% of the world’s crude steel output. It is the leading supplier of quality steel products in all major markets including transport, construction, household appliances and packaging. ArcelorMittal is present in more than 60 countries, 32 out of them are actually European countries.
AMI3 is located in ArcelorMittal R&D Centre in Asturias, which is an active member of different research networks, and takes an intense and active part in research programs, conducted from regional to international levels. Research includes energy, environment and recycling research, advanced process control and monitoring systems at industrial plants, measurement technology development or intelligent systems and novel data mining techniques.
In addition, there is a close contact between AMI3 and different plants of the company in order to guarantee that solutions developed can be easily installed, tested, and finally disseminated in all the group installations that can take advantage of them.
ArcelorMittal operates in Asturias several industrial facilities which could be feasible for testing the developed application (hot strip mill, wire rod mill, etc.). It is a high energy-demanding industry and is focused on the valorization of its wasted heat. ArcelorMittal’s process represents an interesting target for thermal energy harvesting due to the high quality of wasted heat. The harvested energy will be evaluated for both energy consumption reduction and direct use to power autonomous sensors or actuators.
Role in the project: AMI3 will provide its understanding on steel production process to manage and optimize an use-case demonstration of thermo-electric heat harvesting in an industrial specific context and environment.
AMI3 will mainly participate on Thermoelectric Material Specifications, to define the use case (controlled cooling in primary metal production processes) requirements and characteristics (material and test specifications), and on Material qualification and demonstration, to the design, fabrication and qualification of a representative demonstrator for the referred use case.



Project Coordinator

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 720878




CEA Liten

Tel: +33 4 3878 6617



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